Corns, are thickened areas of skin that form in response to excessive pressure and friction. They form to protect the skin and the structures beneath it from damage or injury.
Corns are usually hard and circular, with a waxy or translucent center. They may become painful or ulcerated in response to persistent friction.
There are are variety of different types of corns that occur in different areas from differing causes.
- Hard Corn (heloma durum)
- Soft Corn (heloma molles)
- Seed Corn (heloma millarie)
There are a variety of adivce and treatment a podiatrist can provide for relief from corns.
- Removal of corn by qualified podiatrist
- Orthotics or padding to reduce friction
- Wearing shoes that have a wider toe box
- Surgical treatment to correct the underlying bone problem
Calluses, are areas of thickened skin caused by repeated friction and pressure. They form to protect the skin and the structures beneath it from injury or damage and can develop on any part of the body.
On the feet, calluses usually develop on the sole (plantar surface), either on the heel or under the metatarsal heads (i.e., the area where the long inner bones of the toes extend into the foot). These areas typically bear most of the pressure from standing and walking. As calluses thicken, additional pressure against the skin may cause pain.
In most cases, calluses can be successfully treated by visiting a podiatrist for orthotics as well as self-help practices.
Custom-molded arch supports (called orthotics) may help if flat feet contribute to the problem. Orthotics can provide the proper support and alignment necessary to help prevent calluses.
Because the thickness of the callus causes pressure, reducing the overgrown tissue by soaking the feet in warm water and filing down the callus with a pumice stone to smooth down the thick tissue may also be helpful.
If you have any concerns about your corns and callous please call Footfit Podiatry Tauranga today for assistance.